Today on Museum Quick Bites we’re sifting through the clutter portrayed in Samuel van Hoogstraten’s Trompe l’Oeil Still Life (c1655). On display at the San Diego Museum of Art, this hyper-realistic painting is a delightful glimpse into 17th century office supplies.
Pinned to a wooden board, three strips of red leather support a mishmash of writing implements. Notice the curiously long scissors, feathered quill, smudged penknife, scarlet sealing wax, dog-eared booklets and letters, as well as a pair of pince-nez. Despite the bland subject matter, van Hoogstraten’s meticulous attention to detail and skill at portraying perspective is so realistic the objects on this 17th century bulletin board appear to leap (fall?!) off the painting. Van Hoogstraten’s intent was to amaze and amuse. Did you think he succeeded?
Fun Arty Fact #1: Trompe l’oeil (French for trick of the eye) is a style of art that produces an optical illusion. We see depth where none exists. In other words, a two-dimensional painting appears to be 3-D. Trompe l’oeil is a subgenre of still-life paintings. Outside the museum, modern-day trompe l’oeil can be found on building façades.
Samuel van Hoogstraten (1627-1678) was born in the Dutch city of Dordrecht. The son of a painter and draftsman, van Hoogstraten was initially trained by his father. In 1640, after his father’s death, van Hoogstraten moved to Amsterdam to study under Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669).
At the high point of his career, Rembrandt was a highly selective teacher. He refused beginners, charged an exorbitant tuition (100 guilders), and broke with the usual custom of providing students with room and board. Van Hoogstraten and his fellow students learned by copying their master’s work. They studied in an attic with each workstation separated by paper or canvas sail cloth.
Fun Arty Fact #2: Rembrandt completed his most famous work, Night Watch, Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq (1642) while Samuel van Hoogstraten was his student.
After completing his studies with Rembrandt, van Hoogstraten was considered a master painter. Early in his career he painted portraits, eventually branching out into religious and historical scenes, as well as still lifes. Van Hoogstaten was fascinated with perspective and his resume also includes mesmerizing puzzle boxes and a variety of trompe l’oeils.
Fun Arty Fact #3: Van Hoogstraten created Trompe l’Oeil Still Life (c1655) while serving as a courtier in the royal court of Ferdinand III (1608-1657) of Vienna.
A sought-after talent, van Hoogstraten worked in Amsterdam, London, Rome, Vienna, and the Hague. However, in the final years of his life, he returned to his hometown of Dordrecht where he penned his manifesto on art, Inleyding tot de Hooge Schoole der Schilderkonst: Anders de Zichtbaere Werelt (Introduction to the Academy of the Art of Painting: Otherwise known as the Visible World). Published the same year as his death in 1678, van Hoogstraten’s treatise not only includes his illustrations and theories on art, but also anecdotes of his time spent with Rembrandt.
If you’d like to view more of his work, click on this Samuel van Hoogstraten link, courtesy of Google Arts & Culture. Click on Museum Bites: Comfort Food Quick Bite if you’d like to learn more about still-life paintings.
That wraps up our look at Samuel van Hoogstraten’s Trompe l’Oeil Still Life. I’ll be back next week with more Museum Quick Bites. Until then, be safe, be kind and take care 🙂
Cover photo by Gerd Altmann, courtesy of Pixabay.
Art Institute of Chicago: Resurrection of Christ (c1655-1670) by Samuel van Hoogstraten
Art Institute of Chicago: Samuel van Hoogstraten
Britannica: Rembrandt van Rijn
British Museum: Samuel van Hoogstraten
Detroit Institute of Arts: Perspective Box (1663) by Samuel van Hoogstraten
Google Arts & Culture: Samuel van Hoogstraten
Metropolitan Museum of Art: Inleyding tot de Hooge Schoole der Schilderkonst (1678)
Museum Bites: Comfort Food Quick Bite
National Gallery of London: Samuel van Hoogstraten
New York Times: ART; Demonstrating How Exciting the Still Life Can Be (1999)
Rijksmuseum: Samuel van Hoogstraten
Rijksmuseum: Self-Portrait (1677-1678) by Samuel van Hoogstraten
San Diego Museum of Art: Trompe l’Oeil Still Life (c1655) by Samuel van Hoogstraten
Visual Arts Cork: Samuel van Hoogstraten